Protestation Returns 1642

(The following paragraphs are extracts from the National Archives)

The National Archives have digitised all available Protestation Returns; they can be searched on this link:

2. What are the records?

The Protestation Returns are the closest record we have to a census from 1642. By order of the House of Commons, all adult men were asked to swear an oath of allegiance to the Protestant religion in 1642. Their names were duly inscribed in a list in each parish, and the list sent back to Parliament. In a few areas such as Cornwall, people wrote their own names, and women were included. But usually a local official wrote out all the names. The Protestation Returns survive for about a third of English counties.

3. What information do the records contain?

The Returns are a list of adult male residents’ names for a specific parish. Occasionally other information such as names of recusants (ie. those who refused to attend Church of England services), churchwardens and local government officials are given.

Protestation Returns 1
Protestation Returns 1
Protestation Returns 2
Protestation Returns 2

Transcript of Hickling Protestation Returns (draft version – further work ongoing)

Mr John Hill (?) John Smith (?) Godfrey (?)
Laurence Hill (?) Robert Hill (?) John Beeton
Samuel Mellors (?) Nicholas Man Nicholas (?)
Anthony Musson Oliver Musson William (?)
George Gunthorpe George Pilkington Richard (?)
Nicholas Holmes (?) John (?) William Daft
Richard Winthorpe Vincent (?) Thomas Daft
William (?) William Fillingham Robert Hopkinson
Christopher Robbinson John Ffaulks Thomas Wilson (?)
John Marriott William Daft John Daft elder (?)
(?) Kirkman Thomas Slater George Hill
Thomas (?) Thomas Welby Harrold Robbinson
Stephen Man (?) Nicholas Shelton  
John Daft Harrold Smith  
Charles Collington Edward Collishaw  
Robert Marriott Robert (?) We whose names are underwritten
George Daft at ye (?) end John Robbinson do testify that all the inhabitants
Thomas Bayly (?) (?) Ffaulkes of Hickling above the age of
William Wallis Thomas Butler eighteen yeares (?) have taken the
Edward Hooton (?) John Daft (?) and all their names are herein
Oliver (?) Henry (?) (?) and not any refused (?) to take it
Joseph Oliver (?) (?) Robbinson (?)(?) of me
John Greasley Thomas (?)  
Thomas Oliver (?) John (?) James Bardsey rector ibid
Thomas Hopwell (?) Thomas Daft John Collington Constable
Henry Slater Anthony Ffaulks Anthony Parleby churchwarden
(?) Hart (?) Thomas Holmes (?) Thomas Musson churchwarden
Richard Daft at ye bridge (?) John Musson  
(?) Marriott John Caunt (?) The marks of
George Daft at ye Hall (?) Thomas Daft Robert Daft
(?) Caunt (?) Richard Daft at ye Hall The marks of
(?) Ffaulks Bartholomew Butler William Marriott
George (?) Edward Blood (?) overseers for ye poor (?)
Robert Stokes William Daft at Mawkin (?) Lane  
William Man (?) Martin Kirkby (?)  
Thomas Daft the elder (?) Henry Daft  
George Daft at (?) John (?)  
George Daft at ye bridge William Welby  
William Daft at ye Hall William Baxter  
Nicholas (?) George Daft at ye (?)  
John Musson ye elder Oliver Ffaulks  
William Musson Henry James (?)  
Richard Daft in ye lane (?) Thomas (?)  
John Wallis Richard Robinson  
Robert (?) Thomas Smart  
Edward Thornhill (?) George Man  
John Daft Robert Watchorn  
George Daft William (?)  
  Robert Collishaw  
  William Pritchitt